A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers or solicitors of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling on the matter at hand based on their interpretation of the law and their own personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge’s powers may be shared with a jury. In inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate. The presiding judge ensures that all court proceedings are lawful and orderly.
A judge is an appointed or elected magistrate who presides over court proceedings. Judges rule on questions of law, act as a referee between the litigating parties, and render decisions in legal disputes.
The ultimate task of a judge is to settle a legal dispute in a final and public manner, and thus affirm the rule of law. Judges exercise significant governmental power. They can order police, military or judicial officials to execute searches, arrests, imprisonments, garnishments, distrainments, seizures, deportations and similar actions. However, judges also supervise that trial procedures are followed, in order to ensure consistency and impartiality and avoid arbitrariness. The powers of a judge are checked by higher courts such as appeals courts and supreme courts.
judges are often appointed from experienced attorneys. Judges are often appointed by the head of state. In some U.S. jurisdictions, however, judges are elected in a political election. Something very peculiar about Judges is that they are not hired, but rather elected. When a Lawyer applies for a judgeship, they submit their cases to a court where they face an evaluation regarding their work, moral values, and integrity. There can only be so many Judges at a time in a single district, so applicants may have to wait for an older Judge to retire for a vacancy to open up.
It almost goes without saying that a key characteristic of a Judge is their impartiality. They are required to analyze situations and cases from all perspectives in order to make an unbiased decision.
Primary Responsibilities & Description
The main duty of a Judge is to uphold the law and see that justice is made. Along with the jury, Judges analyze and interpret all evidence in a court of law regarding cases, to be able to dictate a fair verdict and a sentence when necessary. They act as impartial mediators in courts of law, taking part in hearings, civil litigation cases, among others.
Other duties are:
Here’s a non-exhaustive list of common tasks Judges are required to complete.
Overseeing cases in courts of law, enforcing the applicable code of conduct, and upholding laws and procedures:
Explaining applicable laws and technical terms to members of the jury;
hearing allegations of the prosecuting and defending parties;
ruling on the admissibility of evidence;
informing defendants of their rights;
analyzing all aspects of each case, listening to testimonies, and considering evidence presented during the case;
reviewing cases in order to ensure that no detail has been overlooked;
using sound judgement based on evidence in order to make the right decision, without a jury, in order to reach a verdict in favour of one of the two parties;
deciding on a suitable punishment in criminal cases and making appropriate rulings in civil cases;
deciding the detention terms of defendants during criminal cases; and
maintaining an impartial stance in a court of law and upholding all human and civil rights.
Approving search and arrest warrants.
Monitoring the activities of Law Clerks and Court Officers.
Meeting with Lawyers to discuss cases and encourage settlement.
Establishing court rules and procedures.
Performing marriage ceremonies and issuing marriage licences.
Presiding over divorce cases, dividing assets depending on the individual circumstances of each case:
Granting custody of minors during divorce cases to one of the parents, depending on the circumstances.
Drafting clear and concise bench memorandums and other legal documents.
Staying up-to-date with new passing bills, laws, and legislations.
Researching and analyzing legal issues.
Understanding and interpreting complex legal documents and files.
Listening to cases presented by two opposing parties during trials and hearings.
Determining if the information presented supports the charges, claims, or disputes.
Ensuring that the proceeding is being conducted in compliance with the rules and the applicable law.
Applying the corresponding laws or precedents to reach judgements and to resolve disputes between the parties involved.
Documenting and filling all information regarding cases and other legal processes.
Psa 82:1-8 KJV 1 A Psalm of Asaph. God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. 2 How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. 3 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. 4 Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked. 5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course. 6 I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High. 7 But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes. 8 Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.
The Hebrew word used for “judge” is “shaphat” and it means: to judge, govern, vindicate, punish, to act as law-giver or judge or governor (of God, man), to rule, govern, judge, to decide , controversy (of God, man), to execute judgment, discriminating (of man), vindicating, condemning and punishing, at theophanic advent for final judgment, to enter into controversy, plead, have controversy together
Strong’s Definition: A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish ; by extension to govern ; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively): – + avenge, X that condemn, contend, defend, execute (judgment), (be a) judge (-ment), X needs, plead, reason, rule.
These roles are consistent with the secular view of who a judge is and their responsibilities.
The text we read referred the people addressed to be judges and magistrates and so he called them “gods” The Hebrew word for “gods” is the plural name for God which is “Elohim”
Verses 1-4 outlined what they were expected to do as magistrates.
But in verse 5, the Bible says they don’t know. What is it that they don’t know? They don’t know their responsibilities and were not not doing it. They don’t understand what it means to be a judge. They don’t informed themselves, study to know the law and how it is applied.
Anyone that will be a judge must have the knowledge of the law before you can make pronouncement over the law.
Because of this, they walk in ignorance of what the law is and the facts of the case.
This described many Christian.
We are judges. Jesus referred to this place when He was talking with the Sanhedrin. He asked them why they were angry when He told them that God is His father. He said if God called men “god”, they should not be angry when He says He i from God.
They accused Him of blasphemy because they said anyone that sas he is the son of God has equalled himself with God because a son is like the father and equal to the father. So if Jesus says He is from the father and that God is His father, automatically, He is God. And the Jews can’t bear that thought. So Jesus referred to Psal 82 to buttress His point.
Because the Old Testament gave to magistrates and judges the title of gods, I have said ye are gods Psa 82:6. Now Christ argues strongly from the less to the greater, thus: “If judges and magistrates may be called gods, because they are commissioned by him, and derive their authority from him, how much more is that title due to me, who was sanctified, separated, and ordained for a Mediator, and appointed to the work of redemption, before I came into the world, and consequently was God from all eternity?(Burkit)
Under the NEW COVENANT, our own ‘judges’ is not magistrate, high court, chief-magistrate, federal high court or appeal court but Supreme court. The reason is that we are gods.
As a result of the ignorance of the judges, the Bible says the foundation of the earth are our of course. The Bible saying that principle upon which the prosperity of a man or community is dependent on is the administration of justice and rule of law. If they are not in place, then it is like the foundation has been shifted and everything has moved or out of course.
When the administration of justice is out of place, everything about a man’s life will be out of course. Everything will be scattered and there won’t orderliness in a man’s life.
In verse 6, He told them that they are gods and what it means was that they are God’s representation on earth and their decision is in an important sense to be regarded as His. In order words, whatever they adjudged is adjudged by Him.
When Jesus says in Mt 18, that whatever you bind on earth is bound in heaven and whatever you loose on earth is loosed in heaven
Mat 16:19 KJV And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Mat 18:18 KJV Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Whatever you allow is allowed and whatever you forbid is forbidden.
This is how Amplified Bible renders it:
Matthew 16:19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind (declare to be improper and unlawful) on earth must be what is already bound in heaven; and whatever you loose (declare lawful) on earth must be what is already loosed in heaven.
The phrase “to bind” and “to loose” was often used by the Jews. It meant to prohibit and to permit. To bind a thing was to forbid it; to loose it, to allow it to be done.
In another place, He says whosoever sin you remit shall be remitted to them.
Joh 20:23 KJV Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
That is carrying out God’s decision on earth.
In verse 7 He says they shall die like man, the Hebrew word for man there is Adam. In order word He says they shall die like mere men. What befell mere men will befall them
In 1Cor 3, Paul says he could not address the Corinthians as spiritual but as carnal because they acts as mere men.
1Cor 3:3 KJV For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
God put us in a special category and class. Rom 6:6 says how can “we”. We are special being. We are not after Adam but after Christ the second Adam.
1Cor 15:22 KJV For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
1Cor 15:47-49 KJV 47 The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven. 48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
We are no longer after Adam, we are created after God now.
Eph 4:24 KJV And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Col 3:10 KJV And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:
I will not die as mere man, i will not act as mere man and i will not function as mere man.
In verse 8, the Psalmist or the prophets calls on God to arise and execute judgement because people that were assigned the responsibility has failed in their duty.
The issue is that under the New covenant, God is not going to step into what He has given unto us as responsibility. The Bible says the heavens and heavens are the Lords but the earth has He given to the children of men.
To make and enforce the law made. Job says you shall decree a thing and it shall be established unto you. Job 22:28 KJV Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established unto thee: and the light shall shine upon thy ways.
To determine whether to allow or disallow an occurrence Mt 16:19; mt 18:18
To issue restraining order and prevents things from happening. Jam 4:7
Execute righteousness and do justice to all
Judge the devil and demonic attack Mk 16: 15-17
To fight the good fight of faith.
You must be able to pronounce sentence over yourself, family, jobs, career, spiritual growth, prosperity and other areas of life. You should be able to disallow certain things and enforce certain things.
Psa 149:6-9 KJV 6 Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; 7 To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishments upon the people; 8 To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron; 9 To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.
Act 13:11 KJV And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And immediately there fell on him a mist and a darkness; and he went about seeking some to lead him by the hand.
Act 8:20-24 KJV 20 But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money. 21 Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: for thy heart is not right in the sight of God. 22 Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart may be forgiven thee. 23 For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity. 24 Then answered Simon, and said, Pray ye to the Lord for me, that none of these things which ye have spoken come upon me.
Act 5:3-5 KJV 3 But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? 4 Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God. 5 And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things.
Conclusion: Execute the terms of your office.
Barnes commentary on Bible
Burkit commentary on New Testament
New KIng james Version of the bible
Amplified version of the bible